• effect of orientation on measured failure strengths of thoracic and lumbar spine segments

    جزئیات بیشتر مقاله
    • تاریخ ارائه: 1394/01/01
    • تاریخ انتشار در تی پی بین: 1394/01/01
    • تعداد بازدید: 659
    • تعداد پرسش و پاسخ ها: 0
    • شماره تماس دبیرخانه رویداد: -
     substantial research has been performed over many years to determine the compressive failure limits of spinal motion segments. however, the majority of studies have not considered the natural alignment of the spine, testing only for pure compression loads. this study tested 27 motion segments, ranging from the t6/t7 to l4/l5 levels, from 13 human cadaveric spines. the segments were oriented in either the neutral position, based on harrison posterior tangent angles, or in-line axially. load was applied at a low rate, reducing dynamic effects and in contrast to previous studies, until failure was observed. force and deformation were measured during testing, with the normalized parameters of stress and strain calculated post-test. failure forces, adjusted for bone mineral density, were found to decrease by 11% in lumbar segments when oriented while thoracic segment adjusted failure force also decreased by 4.5%. similarly, orientation decreased failure stress by 12% for lumbar segments and increased it by 25% for thoracic segments. some correlation was found between failure strength and bone mineral density. after testing, all segments were visually examined to determine the failure mode, and dxa and radiographic scans were performed. oriented segments exhibited different fracture characteristics than non-oriented segments. the results indicate that segment orientation has a significant effect on failure strength, stress, and strain, and should be considered when determining appropriate load limits.

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