• pedestrian head translation, rotation and impact velocity: the influence of vehicle speed, pedestrian speed and pedestrian gait

    جزئیات بیشتر مقاله
    • تاریخ ارائه: 1392/01/01
    • تاریخ انتشار در تی پی بین: 1392/01/01
    • تعداد بازدید: 712
    • تعداد پرسش و پاسخ ها: 0
    • شماره تماس دبیرخانه رویداد: -
     in road traffic collisions, pedestrian injuries and fatalities account for approximately 11% and 20% of casualties in the usa and the eu, respectively. in many less motorised countries, the majority of victims are pedestrians. the significant influences of vehicle speed, pedestrian speed and pedestrian gait on pedestrian post-impact kinematics have been qualitatively noted in the literature, but there has been no quantitative approach to this problem. in this paper, the madymo multibody (mb) pedestrian model is used to analyse the influences of vehicle speed, pedestrian speed and pedestrian gait on the transverse translation of the pedestrian's head, head rotation about the vertical head axis and head impact velocity. transverse translation has implications for injury severity because of variations in local vehicle stiffness. head rotation is related to pedestrian stance at impact, which is known to affect the kinematics of a collision. increased head impact velocity results in greater head injury severity. the results show that transverse translation of the head relative to the primary contact location of the pedestrian on the vehicle decreases with increasing vehicle speed and increases linearly with increasing pedestrian speed. head rotation decreases with increasing vehicle speed and increases linearly with increasing pedestrian speed, but these variations are small. the range of head rotation values decreases with increasing vehicle speed. head impact velocity increases linearly with vehicle speed and is largely independent of pedestrian speed. transverse translation, head rotation and head impact velocity all vary cyclically with gait in clearly definable patterns.

سوال خود را در مورد این مقاله مطرح نمایید :

با انتخاب دکمه ثبت پرسش، موافقت خود را با قوانین انتشار محتوا در وبسایت تی پی بین اعلام می کنم
مقالات جدیدترین رویدادها