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  • the prolonged survival of fibroblasts with forced lipid catabolism in visceral fat following encapsulation in alginate-poly-l-lysine

    جزئیات بیشتر مقاله
    • تاریخ ارائه: 1391/01/01
    • تاریخ انتشار در تی پی بین: 1391/01/01
    • تعداد بازدید: 681
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    • شماره تماس دبیرخانه رویداد: -
     although alginate-poly-l-lysine (apl) encapsulation of cells producing bioactive peptides has been widely tested, it is unknown whether apl supports lasting catabolic functions of encapsulated cells in adipose tissue, which are required for obesity reduction. we tested functions of apl-encapsulated fibroblasts isolated from wild-type (wt) and aldehyde dehydrogenase 1a1 knockout mice (ko), which resist obesity on a high-fat (hf) diet, have a higher metabolic rate, and express increased levels of thermogenic uncoupling protein-1 (ucp1) in their deleterious visceral fat depots compared to wt mice. to enable in vivo detection and quantification, fibroblasts were stably transfected with green-fluorescent protein. wt- or ko-containing microcapsules were injected into two visceral depots of wt mice fed an hf diet. eighty days after transplantation, microcapsules were located in vivo using magnetic resonance imaging. ko microcapsules prevented weight gain in obese wt mice compared to a mock- and wt capsule-injected groups on an hf diet. the weight loss in ko-treated mice corresponded to lipid reduction and induction of thermogenesis in the injected visceral fat. the non-treated subcutaneous fat was not altered. our data suggest that the aplpolymer supports long-term catabolic functions of genetically-modified fibroblasts, which can be potentially used for depot-specific obesity treatment.

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